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How to start designing in MASS using the new 2014 S304 Standard
Ahead of the official release, you can sign up and start using the current release edition of MASS Version 3.0 today
This article originally was featured on the MASS Software Blog, formerly hosted on the software section of the Canada Masonry Design Centre website. CMDC is the authorized technical service provider for the MASS Software
MASS Version 3.0 introduces a new set of 2014 masonry standards which are used for calculations and designs previously done using the 2004 versions. It has been in development over the past half year and is just about ready for release. While all of the individual changes have been tested in great detail, CMDC also uses new release candidates in-house for all masonry design work for a period of time to ensure there are no unintended consequences when it comes to making changes to the code. This post outlines the changes to MASS that are new to Version 3.0 and lets you know how you can get an “insider preview” before the official release.
What is new in Version 3.0?
MASS™ Version 3.0 is the first version of the software to design using the updated CSA S304-14 masonry design standard. All calculations as well as equations, code references, and bitmap symbols have been updated to bring MASS functionality from older versions to now design with this new standard. The biggest change is found in shear calculations for beams, which has been overhauled within the standard to more closely follow the process used for reinforced concrete. The scope of MASS Version 3 has not been changed from Version 2.2. Below is an overview of other changes made to MASS Version 3.0 which can be expanded upon by left-clicking the header.
The biggest technical changes that affect MASS in its current scope include:
- For reinforced masonry, a 0.6 factor has been implemented to more accurately reflect the non-linear behavior of masonry in compression. Previous version of MASS used a factor of 0.5 which was not part of the S304.1-04 standard but instead implemented by the judgement of CMDC as “phi,linear”
- No. 30 bars have been removed from all MASS modules in accordance with the changes to S304-14: 12.1.2
- Minimum steel areas and ratios were reduced
- Maximum bond beam spacing when bond beams are used to resist in-plane shear now takes wall dimensions into account.
- Intermediate steel placement for beams has been changed
- Deep shear span conditions have been changed and beams no longer automatically fail shear design without further analysis
- The masonry component of beam shear resistance is no longer divided by 2 for beams without stirrups
- Maximum stirrup spacing is no longer limited by d/2. Much more has been written on this topic here
- Factored shear is now designed at distance dv rather than d away from the face of the support
Note that the addition of Chapter 16 of S304-14 falls outside the scope of MASS however it is the next order of business to add seismic design (including the ductility verification).
If you have more specific questions regarding changes to the masonry design standards, please do not hesitate to contact CMDC. Below is the FAQ which will be updated as more questions roll in:
Do I need to upgrade from Version 2.2?
No. This release is optional, only intended for those looking to start designing using the 2014 CSA standards. Once you have transitioned to designing using the more recent building codes, you will want to no longer be designing using the older standards.
Does signing up to use Version 3.0 mean no longer using the version installed now?
No. in fact, unlike other MASS releases, Version 3.0 has been designed specifically to be run alongside your current Version (2.2 is the newest release designing in accordance with 2004 standards). Even the file structure has been changed so that you do not have to worry about designing a project using one version and accidentally switching CSA standards by opening it using the other version. Read more on the new “.masonry14” file type here.
If I am interested, how do I get a copy of Version 3.0?
To start using Version 3.0, contact CMDC to request a copy today to be sent a download link with instructions.
What is next for MASS?
Chapter 16 of the 2014 CSA S304 Standard introduces new steps that can be taken to obtain higher seismic force resisting system ductility performance. An Rd value of 3.0 for non0squat shear walls with a detailed plastic hinge can now be obtained compared to 2 which was the highest achievable value in the 2004 edition. Multi-storey shear wall design is also being worked on which will be incorporated in a new module. If you would like to request a new feature, please do not hesitate to let us know!